The Heidelberg Laureate Forum Foundation invites you to visit the exhibition “Mathematics of Planet Earth” at Karlstorbahnhof in Heidelberg, Germany! It runs from July 5 to Aug 2, 2015, for the first time in Heidelberg. It offers a big variety of exciting adventures for children and adults alike.
Solitons and Tsunamis
Solitons are solitary waves observed for the first time by the Scottish mathematician and engineer J. S. Russell in 1834. Solitons travel very long distances at a constant speed without loss of energy. Their speed is proportional to the square root of the deepness of the channel.
Solitons have remarkable properties: if a soliton moves faster than another one, it can pass with without any of the two waves being deformed after the passing.
Waves impossible to neutralize
Solitons can also cross when moving in opposite directions. The waves pass through each other with very small ultimate deformation. Tsunamis behave like solitons with very large wavelength. There is no point trying to send a counter wave to neutralize one.
Rogue waves also are to solitons. They could be 30 meters high and have a very steep slope.
This module is part of the MPE exhibition. You can rent this module for a lumpsum fee. A detailed manual how to rebuild this module will be shared.